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CATHOLIC CHURCH APOLOGETICS SUBJECT INDEX
Acts 2
Acts 2
THE DAY OF PENTECOST

Acts of The Apostles is sometimes called The Gospel of The Holy Spirit!
* One danger, is that we might think The Holy Spirit came into existence at that time.
* Not so: God is ETERNALLY - FATHER, SON & HOLY SPIRIT.
(CCC732) Pentecost is the opening of The Reign of God.
On that day, the Holy Trinity is fully revealed. Since that day, the Kingdom announced by Christ has
been open to those who believe in him: in the humility of the flesh and in faith, they already share in the
communion of the Holy Trinity. By his coming, which never ceases, the Holy Spirit causes the world to
enter into the "last days," the time of the Church, the Kingdom already inherited though not yet
consummated.
(We have seen the true Light, we have received the heavenly Spirit, we have found the true faith: we
adore the indivisible Trinity, who has saved us.)


Acts 2:1-13 [
http://www.usccb.org/nab/bible/acts/acts1.htm]
1
1 When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled, they were all in one place together.
2
And suddenly there came from the sky a noise like a strong driving wind, 2 and it filled the entire house
in which they were.
3
Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire, 3 which parted and came to rest on each one of them.
4
And they were all filled with the holy Spirit and began to speak in different
tongues, 4 as the Spirit
enabled them to proclaim.
5
Now there were devout Jews from every nation under heaven staying in Jerusalem.
6
At this sound, they gathered in a large crowd, but they were confused because each one heard them
speaking in his own language.
7
They were astounded, and in amazement they asked, "Are not all these people who are speaking
Galileans?
8
Then how does each of us hear them in his own native language?

vs:4; GIFT OF TONGUES: The gift of tongues is the miraculous gift to speak one language and to be
heard and understood {Act 2:8 Then how does each of us hear them in his own native language?} by
many individuals who ordinarily speak and understand a different language. This is called "The miracle
of Pentecost" because the first recorded instance is its use by the Apostles after the descent of the
Holy Spirit. [Acts 2:4-13]
The gift of tongues is called Glossolalia, and in the modern Charismatic movement attested instance of
some oral outpourings have been reported, but the lack of understanding on the part of the listeners
makes it evident that these were not effective, that is, for the benefit of others. To be understood, such
sounds require another charism, that of hearing and interpreting. Jesus also says that the "Gift of
Tongues" will be one sign of those who believe: [Mark. 16:17]

Pentecost can be seen as a reversal of The Tower of Babel. (Genesis 11:1-9) In chapter 11 of
Genesis, mankind, out of pride and a terrible misunderstanding of God's Love for them, wanted
to bypass God and make a "name" for themselves! At that time everyone spoke one language.
God confused their speech so that they were not able to communicate and unite against God.
Pentecost is seen as the reversal of the Tower of Babel. God brings about unity under His Authority for
the betterment of mankind.
Pentecost is not just a reversal of the Tower of Babel. It is so much more than that. Pentecost is
a positive where Babel was a negative. At Babel man tried to rupture his relationship with God...
while at Pentecost God brought about   healing in His relationship with mankind!
Pentecost is the beginning to the fulfillment of the prayer of Jesus for "unity of the believers"
(John 17:21-22).  At Babel God, for the sake of mankind, used 'dis-unity' to protect man from
himself. It is up to Christians to continue to strive for that unity that Christ prayed for!
Pentecost is The Birthday of The Catholic Church! God brings about the 'unity of the believers',
to begin the healing of the rift between God and man!

9
We are Parthians, Medes, and Elamites, inhabitants of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus
and Asia,
10
Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the districts of Libya near Cyrene, as well as travelers from Rome,
11
both Jews and converts to Judaism, Cretans and Arabs, yet we hear them speaking in our own tongues
of the mighty acts of God."
12
They were all astounded and bewildered, and said to one another, "What does this mean?"
13
But others said, scoffing, "They have had too much new wine."

There were 3 great Jewish festivals to which every male Jew living within 20 miles of Jerusalem was
legally bound to attend - the Passover, Pentecost & the Feast of Tabernacles.

Pentecost means "The Fiftieth", sometimes called the "Feast of Weeks".
It was called this because it fell on the fiftieth day, that is, a week of weeks, after The Passover.

The Feast had 2 main significances:
Historical - it commemorated the giving of the Law to Moses on Mt. Sinai.
Agricultural - 2 loaves of barley bread were offered to God, in gratitude for the in-gathered
harvest.

Note: For this part of Acts, St. Luke was not an eye-witness.

Question? How might you emphasize The Holy Spirit in your life?
Acts 2:14-21 [http://www.usccb.org/nab/bible/acts/acts1.htm]
14
5 Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice, and proclaimed to them, "You who are Jews,
indeed all of you staying in Jerusalem. Let this be known to you, and listen to my words.
15
These people are not drunk, as you suppose, for it is only nine o'clock in the morning.
16
No, this is what was spoken through the prophet Joel:
17
'It will come to pass in the last days,' God says, 'that I will pour out a portion of my spirit upon all flesh.
Your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your young men shall see visions, your old men shall
dream dreams.
18
Indeed, upon my servants and my handmaids I will pour out a portion of my spirit in those days, and
they shall prophesy.
19
And I will work wonders in the heavens above and signs on the earth below: blood, fire, and a cloud of
smoke.
20
The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the coming of the great and
splendid day of the Lord,
21
and it shall be that everyone shall be saved who calls on the name of the Lord.'

* Here is an example of the "first Christian preaching".

"The Day of the Lord"
Refer to:
Isaiah 2:12
12
For the LORD of hosts will have his day against all that is proud and arrogant, all that is high, and it will
be brought low;

Amos 5:18
18
3 Woe to those who yearn for the day of the LORD! What will this day of the LORD mean for you?
Darkness and not light!

1 Thessalonians 5:2
2
For you yourselves know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief at night.

2 Peter 3:10
10
But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, 8 and then the heavens will pass away with a mighty roar
and the elements will be dissolved by fire, and the earth and everything done on it will be found out.

CCC668 - "Christ died and lived again, that he might be Lord both of the dead and of the living."
Christ's Ascension into heaven signifies his participation, in his humanity, in God's power and authority.
Jesus Christ is Lord: he possesses all power in heaven and on earth. He is "far above all rule and
authority and power and dominion", for the Father "has put all things under his feet." Christ is Lord of
the cosmos and of history. In him human history and indeed all creation are "set forth" and
transcendently fulfilled.

CCC670 - Since the Ascension God's plan has entered into its fulfillment. We are already at "the last
hour". "Already the final age of the world is with us, and the renewal of the world is irrevocably under
way; it is even now anticipated in a certain real way, for the Church on earth is endowed already with a
sanctity that is real but imperfect." Christ's kingdom already manifests its presence through the
miraculous signs that attend its proclamation by the Church.

1 John 2:18
18
Children, it is the last hour; 9 and just as you heard that the antichrist was coming, so now many
antichrists have appeared. Thus we know this is the last hour.

1 Peter 4:7
7
3 The end of all things is at hand. Therefore, be serious and sober for prayers.

Already the "Final Age" of the world is with us, and the renewal of the world is irrevocably underway.

The Jews divided all time into 2 Ages:
The Present Age - utterly evil.
The Age to Come - the Golden Age of God.

Between the 2 Ages, there was "The Day of the Lord".
For Catholics "The Day of the Lord", would be The Ascension of Jesus which began "The Final Age". CCC670 (refer above)

We do not know when the "Second Coming" will be.
CCC673 - Since the Ascension Christ's coming in glory has been imminent, even though "it is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has fixed by his own authority.". This eschatological
coming could be accomplished at any moment, even if both it and the final trial that will precede it are
"delayed".

Acts 1:7
7
5 He answered them, "It is not for you to know the times or seasons that the Father has established by
his own authority.

Mark 13:32
32
"But of that day or hour, no one knows, neither the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.

CCC681 - The Second Coming - On Judgment Day at the end of the world, Christ will come in glory to
achieve the definitive triumph of good over evil which, like the wheat and the tares, have grown up
together in the course of history.

The Second Coming and The Last Judgment are one and the same. (read CCC668-682)[http://www.
scborromeo.org/ccc/p1s2c2a7.htm#668]
Judgment Day is at the end of the world.
There is no 1,000 year reign after The Second Coming of Christ, there is eternity!

Catholic Encyclopedia - NewAdvent online [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10307a.htm]
Millenarianism - The fundamental idea of millenarianism, as understood by Christian writers, may be set forth as follows: At the end of time Christ will return in all His splendor to gather together the just, to
annihilate hostile powers, and to found a glorious kingdom on earth for the enjoyment of the highest
spiritual and material blessings; He Himself will reign as its king, and all the just, including the saints
recalled to life, will participate in it. At the close of this kingdom the saints will enter heaven with Christ,
while the wicked, who have also been resuscitated, will be condemned to eternal damnation. The
duration of this glorious reign of Christ and His saints on earth, is frequently given as one thousand
years. Hence it is commonly known as the "millennium", while the belief in the future realization of the
kingdom is called "millenarianism" (or "chiliasm", from the Greek chilia, scil. ete).

Question? Are you concerned about being "Left Behind"? [http://www.iamonetruth.
com/dispensation.html]
Acts 2:22-47
22
You who are Israelites, hear these words. Jesus the Nazorean was a man commended to you by God
with mighty deeds, wonders, and signs, which God worked through him in your midst, as you yourselves
know.
23
This man, delivered up by the set plan and foreknowledge of God, you killed, using lawless men to
crucify him.
24
But God raised him up, releasing him from the throes of death, because it was impossible for him to be
held by it.
25
For David says of him: 'I saw the Lord ever before me, with him at my right hand I shall not be disturbed.
26
Therefore my heart has been glad and my tongue has exulted; my flesh, too, will dwell in hope,
27
because you will not abandon my soul to the netherworld, nor will you suffer your holy one to see
corruption.
28
You have made known to me the paths of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence.'
29
My brothers, one can confidently say to you about the patriarch David that he died and was buried, and
his tomb is in our midst to this day.
30
But since he was a prophet and knew that God had sworn an oath to him that he would set one of his
descendants upon his throne,
31
he foresaw and spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, that neither was he abandoned to the
netherworld nor did his flesh see corruption.
32
God raised this Jesus; of this we are all witnesses.
33
Exalted at the right hand of God, 6 he received the promise of the holy Spirit from the Father and
poured it forth, as you (both) see and hear.
34
For David did not go up into heaven, but he himself said: 'The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at my right
hand
35
until I make your enemies your footstool."'
36
Therefore let the whole house of Israel know for certain that God has made him both Lord and
Messiah, this Jesus whom you crucified."
37
Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and they asked Peter and the other apostles,
"What are we to do, my brothers?"
38
Peter (said) to them, "Repent and be baptized, 7 every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the
forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the holy Spirit.
39
For the promise is made to you and to your children and to all those far off, whomever the Lord our
God will call."

THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM [
http://www.iamonetruth.com/sacrament_of_baptism.html]

Question? How does God clean our Souls after Baptism?
[
http://www.iamonetruth.com/sacrament_of_reconciliation.html]
40
He testified with many other arguments, and was exhorting them, "Save yourselves from this corrupt
generation."
41
Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand persons were added that
day.
42
8 They devoted themselves to the teaching of the apostles and to the communal life, to the
breaking
of the bread
and to the prayers.
43
Awe came upon everyone, and many wonders and signs were done through the apostles.
44
All who believed were together and had all things in common;
45
they would sell their property and possessions and divide them among all according to each one's
need.
46
Every day they devoted themselves to meeting together in the temple area and to breaking bread in
their homes. They ate their meals with exultation and sincerity of heart,
47
praising God and enjoying favor with all the people. And every day the Lord added to their number
those who were being saved.

BREAKING OF THE BREAD
* Eucharist
"Do this in memory of me"
CCC1341 The command of Jesus to repeat his actions and words "until he comes" does not only ask
us to remember Jesus and what he did. It is directed at the liturgical celebration, by the apostles and
their successors, of the memorial of Christ, of his life, of his death, of his Resurrection, and of his
intercession in the presence of the Father.167

CCC1342 From the beginning the Church has been faithful to the Lord's command. Of the Church of
Jerusalem it is written:

They devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the
prayers. . . . Day by day, attending the temple together and breaking bread in their homes, they
partook of food with glad and generous hearts.168

CCC1343 It was above all on "the first day of the week," Sunday, the day of Jesus' resurrection, that
the Christians met "to break bread."169 From that time on down to our own day the celebration of the
Eucharist has been continued so that today we encounter it everywhere in the Church with the same
fundamental structure. It remains the center of the Church's life.

CCC1344 Thus from celebration to celebration, as they proclaim the Paschal mystery of Jesus "until he
comes," the pilgrim People of God advances, "following the narrow way of the cross,"170 toward the
heavenly banquet, when all the elect will be seated at the table of the kingdom.

Question? Do you believe in The Real Presence?
[
http://www.iamonetruth.com/sacrament_of_eucharist_i.html]
I thought it very appropriate that I HIGHLIGHT St. Peter! Since the beginning of The Acts of The
Apostles he is in the forefront! He is making the tough decision to fill Judas' place in THE TWELVE with
another. He gave the command and his orders are followed immediately.
St. Peter is the first to go into the streets and preach THE GOOD NEWS after the death of Jesus!
There was much fear among The Apostles and their followers. St. Peter stepped out in boldness filled
with The Holy Spirit. God Blessed his efforts with 3,000 people coming into The Church.
And so I give you more information on St. Peter.